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The present study aimed to investigate whether the evaluative processing of action feedback is influenced by the cardiac cycle. To this aim, we examined the influence of the cardiac cycle on an event-related brain potential (ERP) effect that indexed the evaluative processing of action feedback [i.e., an ERP effect that interpreted as a feedback-related negativity (FRN) elicited by "bad" action feedback or a reward positivity (RewP) elicited by "good" action feedback]. Participants performed a gambling task in which they chose one of two stimuli and received an action feedback that indicated monetary gain or loss. Each trial was retrospectively classified into systole and diastole trials; systole trials were defined as those where monetary outcomes were presented during systole, and the diastole trials as those where monetary outcomes were presented during diastole. The results showed that the FRN/RewP was larger for the systole trials than for the diastole trials, which was due to the modulation of gain rather than loss ERPs. These results provide evidence that the natural fluctuation of cardiac afferent signals can modulate the evaluative processing of feedback.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
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A mechanism of communication with a physiological system for homeostasis, adaptation, etc. Physiological feedback is mediated through extensive feedback mechanisms that use physiological cues as feedback loop signals to control other systems.
Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the cardiac cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts.
The tendency to devalue an outcome as a function of its temporal delay or probability of achievement. It can be evaluated in a psychological paradigm that involves the choice between receiving a smaller immediate reward or a larger delayed reward, and may be used to provide a measure of impulsive behavior.
Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).
The volume of the HEART, usually relating to the volume of BLOOD contained within it at various periods of the cardiac cycle. The amount of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat is STROKE VOLUME.