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Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent sustained arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation often recurs after restoration of normal sinus rhythm. Antiarrhythmic drugs have been widely used to prevent recurrence. This is an update of a review previously published in 2006, 2012 and 2015.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common arrhythmias. As the symptoms can be abrupt in onset it is associated with a substantial burden on the medical emergency system. By routine practice patien...
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nifekalan (NIF) on cardioversion in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients post radiofrequency ablation, and investigate the relevant factors related to the cardiover...
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained arrhythmia encountered in primary care practice and represents a significant burden on the health care system with a higher than expected hospitalizati...
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a significant dysrhythmia that often requires treatment in the emergency department (ED). This can be performed with rhythm control using electrical or chemical cardioversi...
Maintenance of sinus rhythm after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with left atrial (LA) and ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling, although the degree varies am...
The optimal strategy to restore sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) of less than 48 hours' duration is still controversial. The investigators performed a controlled sing...
The Biorhythm study aims to investigate the utility of new biomarkers (e.g. MR proANP, ST2) measured pre-procedure for the prediction of procedural success in patients with atrial fibrilla...
The laboratory test, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), has become well established as a marker of inflammation. Recently a high CRP level (indicating an increase in inflammation) was identified a...
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is expected to affect about 30 million North Americans and Europeans by 2050. Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that leads to increased risk of heart failure, hospitalization, thromboembolic events, and death. Restoration of normal heart rhythm...
A condition caused by dysfunctions related to the SINOATRIAL NODE including impulse generation (CARDIAC SINUS ARREST) and impulse conduction (SINOATRIAL EXIT BLOCK). It is characterized by persistent BRADYCARDIA, chronic ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and failure to resume sinus rhythm following CARDIOVERSION. This syndrome can be congenital or acquired, particularly after surgical correction for heart defects.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...