Periodized versus Non-periodized Stretch Training on Gymnasts Flexibility and Performance.

08:00 EDT 5th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Periodized versus Non-periodized Stretch Training on Gymnasts Flexibility and Performance."

Static stretching (SS) can increase joint range of motion (ROM), due to neural, morphological, and physio-psychological factors. Periodized training programs (PD) (e. g., strength, power) are adopted to induce greater adaptations while avoiding overtraining. However, the effectiveness of periodized stretch training adaptations are unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the effects of periodized and non-periodized (NP) stretching programs on flexibility, hamstrings stiffness and muscle performance. Sixteen gymnasts were allocated to either periodized or non-periodized SS training and tested pre- and post-8 weeks for countermovement jump height, hip flexors, hip extensors and dorsiflexors ROM, hamstrings stiffness and hamstrings and quadriceps peak torque. Both stretch training groups significantly and similarly increased hip extensor (33.2%), hip flexor (25.2%), and dorsiflexor (23.8%) ROM, hamstrings peak torque (7.9%) and jump height (8.1%) from pre - to post- training. Both groups decreased hamstrings stiffness across the last ten angles (32.1%). PD elicited consistently large magnitude flexibility effect size changes compared to small and moderate magnitude changes for the non-periodized. Therefore, 8-week PD and NP SS programs can decrease young gymnasts' muscle-tendon stiffness and increase muscle performance. However, effect sizes indicate that PD stretch training was more advantageous to increasing flexibility and improving performance.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of sports medicine
ISSN: 1439-3964


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13817 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison of linear periodized and non-periodized combined training in health markers and physical fitness of adults with obesity: Clinical trial protocol.

The literature discusses that combined training, aerobic more resistance exercises in the same session, is a suitable strategy for people with obesity and that exercise periodization leads to positive...

"Chemotherapy-periodized" Exercise to Accommodate for Cyclical Variation in Fatigue.

The purpose of this study was to provide a rationale for 'chemotherapy-periodized' exercise by characterizing cyclical variations in fatigue and exercise response across a chemotherapy cycle and compa...

High level rhythmic gymnasts and urinary incontinence; prevalence, risk factors and influence on performance.

Urinary incontinence (UI) is common among exercising women, but no studies have been found in rhythmic gymnasts. The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for U...

Association Between Flexibility and Low Back Pain in Female Adolescent Gymnasts.

To determine the relationship between low back pain (LBP), flexibility, and individual demographic characteristics in competitive adolescent female gymnasts.

Acute Effects of "Composite" Training on Neuromuscular and Fast Stretch-Shortening Cycle Drop Jump Performance in Hurling Players.

Byrne, PJ, Moody, JA, Cooper, SM, and Kinsella, S. Acute effects of "composite" training on neuromuscular and fast stretch-shortening cycle drop jump performance in hurling players. J Strength Cond Re...

Clinical Trials [10363 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Daily Undulating Periodization Methods With Parkinson's Disease

Compare periodized (cyclic) resistance training with and without motor training specific to activities of daily living.

The Effect Of An Expanded Long Term Periodization Exercise Training In Patients With Cardiovascular Disease

Benefits from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs are evidence based and widely recognized. Less than 50% of people who participate in hospital-based CR programs maintain an exercise regi...

Periodized Aerobic Interval Training in Metabolic Syndrome

Autonomic disfunction present in metabolic syndrome subjects is related by a greater vulnerability of the heart and risk of cardiovascular events. In this context, aerobic interval trainin...

Periodized Rehabilitation and Beta-alanine Supplementation in Multiple Sclerosis

Exercise therapy and increased physical activity in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) improves mobility, muscular strength, physical fitness and fatigue without increasing relapse rate....

Effects of Casein Timing on Body Composition and Performance

This study will investigate the effects of night time versus day time casein supplementation on body composition and athletic performance. Participants will consume the protein supplements...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Stretch receptors found in the bronchi and bronchioles. Pulmonary stretch receptors are sensors for a reflex which stops inspiration. In humans, the reflex is protective and is probably not activated during normal respiration.

Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.

Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.

A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.

Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...

Joint Disorders
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...

Searches Linking to this Article