Topics

Heterogeneity of Pulmonary Stem Cells.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Heterogeneity of Pulmonary Stem Cells."

Epithelial stem cells reside within multiple regions of the lung where they renew various region-specific cells. In addition, there are multiple routes of regeneration after injury through built-in heterogeneity within stem cell populations and through a capacity for cellular plasticity among differentiated cells. These processes are important facets of respiratory tissue resiliency and organism survival. However, this regenerative capacity is not limitless, and repetitive or chronic injuries, environmental stresses, or underlying factors of disease may ultimately lead to or contribute to tissue remodeling and end-stage lung disease. This chapter will review stem cell heterogeneity among pulmonary epithelia in the lower respiratory system, discuss recent findings that may challenge long-held scientific paradigms, and identify several clinically relevant research opportunities for regenerative medicine.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Advances in experimental medicine and biology
ISSN: 0065-2598
Pages: 95-117

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [19203 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Heterogeneity of Stem Cells in the Hippocampus.

The discovery of neural stem cells in the adult mammalian hippocampus has attracted attention and controversy, which both continue to this day. Hippocampal neural stem cells and their immediate progen...

The Heterogeneity of Osteosarcoma: The Role Played by Cancer Stem Cells.

Osteosarcoma is the most common bone sarcoma and is one of the cancer entities characterized by the highest level of heterogeneity in humans. This heterogeneity takes place not only at the macroscopic...

Rare Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cells Are Stem Cells Regulated by Rb, p53, and Notch.

Pulmonary neuroendocrine (NE) cells are neurosensory cells sparsely distributed throughout the bronchial epithelium, many in innervated clusters of 20-30 cells. Following lung injury, NE cells prolife...

Multilayered Heterogeneity of Glioblastoma Stem Cells: Biological and Clinical Significance.

Glioblastoma is a primary tumor of the brain with a poor prognosis. Pathological examination shows that this disease is characterized by intra-tumor morphological heterogeneity, while numerous and ong...

Skeletal Muscle Progenitor Cell Heterogeneity.

Tissue-specific stem cells contribute to adult tissue maintenance, repair, and regeneration. In skeletal muscle, many different mononuclear cell types are capable of giving rise to differentiated musc...

Clinical Trials [13511 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Safety Study of Cell Therapy to Treat Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the cell therapy with bone marrow mononuclear cells is safe in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, specifically the pu...

Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells For Refractory Pulmonary Diseases

This study is an open-label, single-center, dose escalation study to evaluate of safety and efficacy of human umbilical cord -derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) in children for refr...

Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Autologous Lung Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and ultimately fatal disease characterized by a progressive damage of lung structure and decline in lung function.This study intends to car...

Clinical Study of Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a disease characterised by pathological changes in the pulmonary arteries leading to a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonar...

Prospective Study of Belated Pulmonary Complications Occurring in Children Treated With Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cells.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is used to treat an expanding array of malignant and non-malignant disorders. This is a prospective multicenter study, in pediatric allo-BMT ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.

The malignant stem cells of TERATOCARCINOMAS, which resemble pluripotent stem cells of the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS. The EC cells can be grown in vitro, and experimentally induced to differentiate. They are used as a model system for studying early embryonic cell differentiation.

Formation of LYMPHOCYTES and PLASMA CELLS from the lymphoid stem cells which develop from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS in the BONE MARROW. These lymphoid stem cells differentiate into T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; PLASMA CELLS; or NK-cells (KILLER CELLS, NATURAL) depending on the organ or tissues (LYMPHOID TISSUE) to which they migrate.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...

Stem Cells
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development.  Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry.  BioPort...

Respiratory
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.  They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...


Searches Linking to this Article