On the role of retrieval processes in the survival processing effect: Evidence from ROC and ERP analyses.

08:00 EDT 3rd September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "On the role of retrieval processes in the survival processing effect: Evidence from ROC and ERP analyses."

Memory is enhanced for words encoded in the context of an imagined survival scenario, an effect modulated by word imageability or concreteness. However, the mechanisms underlying this "survival processing effect" are still controversial. To address this issue, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine the recognition retrieval processes associated with words previously encoded in either a survival or a control scenario. More specifically, we investigated how recollection- and familiarity-based retrieval are influenced by survival processing of high- and low-imageability words. Participants incidentally encoded words and then completed a surprise recognition test while their EEG was recorded. The encoding of concrete, high-imageability words in a survival context lead to improved recognition memory compared to the control context, and this improvement was associated with an increase in both the ROC and ERP measures of recollection-based memory retrieval. Survival processing was also associated with an increase in the ERP familiarity signal for these words, but the ROC analysis indicated that recognition judgments relied upon recollection rather than familiarity. These findings provide evidence that survival processing increases elaboration during encoding, leading to greater recollection at retrieval and, in turn, enhanced memory.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neurobiology of learning and memory
ISSN: 1095-9564
Pages: 107083


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [38100 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Electrophysiological evidence of encoding in self-referential effect.

Although the self-referential effect was widely supported by several previous studies, there was few event-related potential (ERP) evidence for the encoding mechanism of the self-referential effect. T...

Retrieval practice decreases processing load of recall: Evidence revealed by pupillometry.

Retrieval practice is an effective long-term learning strategy. Items practiced through repeated retrieval are resistant to interference, stress, and secondary load, which attributes also characterize...

The neurocognitive features in survival processing: An ERP study.

Recent behavioral studies used a survival processing task to investigate our memory systems from an evolutionary perspective. These results showed a memory advantage for the words rated for their rele...

Neural evidence for age-related differences in representational quality and strategic retrieval processes.

Mounting behavioral evidence suggests that declines in both representational quality and controlled retrieval processes contribute to episodic memory decline with age. The present study sought neural ...

Part and whole face representations in immediate and long-term memory.

Although there is empricial support for the old adage that "we never forget a face" (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (1975) 54-75), the cognitive processes responsible for our long-ter...

Clinical Trials [12586 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effect of Sleep Deprivation and Recovery Sleep on Emotional Memory and Affective Reactivity

To further understand the impact of acute sleep deprivation and recovery sleep on the processing of emotional information the investigators will address and attempt to answer three questio...

Respiratory Depression During an Analgosedation Combining Remifentanil and Ketamine in TCI for Oocyte Retrieval

This study evaluates the effect of the addition of ketamine to a conscious sedation protocol including remifentanil during oocyte retrieval. The investigators will have 2 groups with diffe...


Little is known about the exact role of feedback in cortical processing. Hypotheses on its function range from attentional control to the transmission of Bayesian priors in the interpretat...

Feedbacks' Influence on Decision Making Processes

The purpose of this research is to identify and probe the neural networks involved in feedback processing. It aims at translating this knowledge to clinical populations in which this netwo...

The Role of Emotional Processing in Improving the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients

The purpose of this study is to examine two mechanistic changes: emotion processing (awareness, expression and acceptance) and cholinergic anti-inflammatory processes (HRV and cytokine exp...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nuclear RNA-protein complex that plays a role in RNA processing. In the nucleoplasm, the U4-U6 snRNP along with the U5 snRNP preassemble into a single 25S particle that binds to the U1 and U2 snRNPs and the substrate to form mature SPLICEOSOMES. There is also evidence for the existence of individual U4 or U6 snRNPs in addition to their organization as a U4-U6 snRNP.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

A receptor tyrosine kinase that transduces signals from EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX to the CYTOPLASM by binding ligands such as GALECTIN 3. It regulates many physiologic processes that include cell survival, migration, differentiation, and PHAGOCYTOSIS of apoptotic cells and ROD PHOTORECEPTORS in the RETINAL PIGMENT EPITHELIUM. Mutations in the MERTK gene are associated with type 38 RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; it also plays a critical role as an inhibitor of TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS signaling.

A preconceived judgment made without adequate evidence and not easily alterable by presentation of contrary evidence.

The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article