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Urine osmolality indicates the ability of the kidney to concentrate the urine and reflects the antidiuretic action of vasopressin. However, results about the association between urine osmolality and adverse renal outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are conflicting. We investigated the association between urine osmolality and adverse renal outcomes in a nationwide prospective CKD cohort.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Kidney & blood pressure research
Cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid DNA (cf-DNA) in urine is promising due to the advantage of urine as an easily obtained and non-invasive sample source over tissue and blood. In clinical practice, it is...
Renal dysfunction is a common finding in cirrhotic patients and has a great physiologic, and therefore, prognostic relevance. The combination of liver disease and renal dysfunction can occur as a resu...
Autosomal-dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease -(ADTKD) describes tubulointerstitial kidney disease with autosomal-dominant inheritance. In 2017, the term mitochondrial tubulointerstitial kidney...
The assessment of sodium intake is difficult due to low accuracy of dietary records and to the inconvenience of 24-h urine collections. Therefore, equations based on spot urine samples have been propo...
Acute kidney injury is a common occurrence on the intensive care unit and is associated with incremental risk of death and chronic kidney disease. Renal replacement therapy has become an essential too...
To use Non-invasive MR Imaging of Renal Physiology and structure to assess patients with Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).
The are 2 principal goals in this study: 1. To measure plasma copeptin levels in healthy subjects and to correlate them with plasma AVP concentrations and urine osmolalities in iso...
This study aims to conduct a prospective collection of clinical and para-clinical data in patients with Chronic Renal Diseases to identify disease progression factors, markers of renal fun...
This study will evaluate in patients with kidney disease, the role that certain inflammatory and immune mediators play in promoting kidney damage. The investigators hypothesize that cert...
Our objective is to determine if urinary electrolyte abnormalities exist in only one or both kidneys in patients with and without a history of kidney stones. To meet this objective, we are...
A condition of HYPONATREMIA and renal salt loss attributed to overexpansion of BODY FLUIDS resulting from sustained release of ANTIDIURETIC HORMONES which stimulates renal resorption of water. It is characterized by normal KIDNEY function, high urine OSMOLALITY, low serum osmolality, and neurological dysfunction. Etiologies include ADH-producing neoplasms, injuries or diseases involving the HYPOTHALAMUS, the PITUITARY GLAND, and the LUNG. This syndrome can also be drug-induced.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level in the ability to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal insufficiency can be classified by the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE. The most severe form is KIDNEY FAILURE. Renal function may deteriorate slowly (RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, CHRONIC) or precipitously (RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, ACUTE).
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...