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Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia that Evolved from Myelodysplastic Syndrome with Excess Blasts.

08:00 EDT 30th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia that Evolved from Myelodysplastic Syndrome with Excess Blasts."

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) that evolves into acute leukemia with blasts of mixed phenotypes has rarely been reported and has no distinct diagnostic category. Herein, we describe a 79-year-old Korean female patient with MDS-excess blasts (MDS-EB) that evolved into acute leukemia; the blasts simultaneously expressed B-lymphoid and myeloid antigens. The patient was diagnosed with MDS-EB with blasts of myeloid lineage coexpressing a few B-lymphoid antigens with 7q and 20q abnormalities. The disease progressed to acute leukemia with blasts carrying more B-lymphoid antigens, which was immunophenotypically compatible with B-lymphoid/myeloid acute leukemia. Unlike previously reported patients whose blast populations are bilineal, our patient is the first with biphenotypic acute leukemia that progressed from MDS. The diagnosis of our patient introduces the possibility that many other types of biphenotypic acute leukemia may have gone undiagnosed and encourages hematologists to designate a specific diagnostic category for this type of disease, so that it can more readily be detected and studied in the future.

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Name: Laboratory medicine
ISSN: 1943-7730
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