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Serum Betaine and Dimethylglycine Are Higher in South Asian Compared with European Pregnant Women in Canada, with Betaine and Total Homocysteine Inversely Associated in Early and Midpregnancy, Independent of Ethnicity.

08:00 EDT 30th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Serum Betaine and Dimethylglycine Are Higher in South Asian Compared with European Pregnant Women in Canada, with Betaine and Total Homocysteine Inversely Associated in Early and Midpregnancy, Independent of Ethnicity."

As a methyl donor required in the folate-vitamin B-12 independent remethylation of total homocysteine (tHcy) to methionine, betaine is critical for fetal development. Pregnant South Asian women living in Canada had a higher reported prevalence of low vitamin B-12 status compared with Europeans; betaine concentrations in this population are unknown.

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Name: The Journal of nutrition
ISSN: 1541-6100
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A ZINC metalloenzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from BETAINE to HOMOCYSTEINE to produce dimethylglycine and METHIONINE, respectively. This enzyme is a member of a family of ZINC-dependent METHYLTRANSFERASES that use THIOLS or selenols as methyl acceptors.

A FLAVOPROTEIN enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of dimethylglycine to SARCOSINE and FORMALDEHYDE.

A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)

An NAD+ dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of betain aldehyde to BETAINE.

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