Topics

New Acylated Phenolic Glycosides with ROS Scavenging Activity from Psidium guajava Leaves.

08:00 EDT 11th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "New Acylated Phenolic Glycosides with ROS Scavenging Activity from Psidium guajava Leaves."

ROS and subsequent oxidative stress are reported to play important roles in chronic metabolic diseases. Plant-derived polyphenols, especially food-derived phenolics, have attracted a lot of attention due to their potential usage against oxidative stress-related diseases. The leaf of Psidium guajava (known as guava) is regarded as a good resource of polyphenols and its products are commercially available in Japan as functional foods against multiple chronic metabolism disorders. In the course of finding novel polyphenols with antioxidative activities from guava leaf, eleven acylated phenolic glycosides (1-11), including five new oleuropeic acid conjugated phenolic glycosides, named guajanosides A-E (1, 2, and 5-7), along with 17 known meroterpenoides (12-28) were isolated and identified. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis, chemical degradation and acid hydrolysis. Compounds 1, 2, and 5-11 displayed potent reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Western blot revealed that compound 6 markedly increased the expression levels of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1) and glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC). The current study revealed the presence of oleuropeic acid-derived phenolic glycosides in guava leaf, and highlighted the potential usage of this type of phenolics against oxidative stress-related metabolic diseases via activation of Nrf2 signaling pathway.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
ISSN: 1520-5118
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [9800 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Scavenging activity and mechanism study of ferulic acid against reactive carbonyl species acrolein.

Acrolein, known as one of the most common reactive carbonyl species, is a toxic small molecule affecting human health in daily life. This study is focused on the scavenging abilities and mechanism of ...

Characterisation of phenylethanoid glycosides by multiple-stage mass spectrometry.

Although phenylethanoid glycosides (PhGs) occur widely in plants, their characterisation by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) is less well studied than other phenolic glycosides such as ...

Phenolic composition and biological activities of geographically different type of propolis and black cottonwood resins against oral streptococci, vaginal microbiota and phytopathogenic Fusarium species.

A multidisciplinary approach was used to compare phenolic composition, radical scavenging and antimicrobial activity of propolis samples from different geographical localities, and plant resin against...

Dynamic changes in the phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of oats during simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation.

Solid-state fermentation (SSF) is the preferred method of enhancing the phenolic content of oats, while scientific optimization for improving specific phenolic compounds is limited. In this study, seq...

Crosstalk among polyamines, phytohormones, hydrogen peroxide, and phenylethanoid glycosides responses in Scrophularia striata to Cd stress.

Plants respond to Cadmium (Cd) as a hazardous heavy metal through various mechanisms depending on their available metabolite resources. In this research, the physiological and signaling pathways media...

Clinical Trials [3569 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of a Specific Phenolic Compound on Blood Pressure

The study's main objective is to investigate the effects of acute consumption of a preparation containing 100 mg of a specific phenolic compound (patent pending, P201531587) on systolic BP...

Investigation of Acute Mood and Cognitive Performance Effects of Beverages Containing Phenolics in Healthy Adults

An acute, randomized, placebo controlled, double blinded crossover study in health subjects. Participants will complete 4 intervention arms in random order consisting of a placebo control ...

Oat Phenolics Bioavailability

A diet rich in whole grain is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk and this benefit could be partly attributed to the phenolic acid content of whole grains. The exact abso...

Bioavailability of Phenolic Compounds in Bread

The consumption of wholemeal cereals has been associated with the reduction of several chronic diseases. The mechanisms behind these protective effects may be linked, besides dietary fiber...

Evaluation of Bioavailability of Phenolic Compounds From Oxxynea®

The aim of this study is to evaluate bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of phenolic compounds from Oxxynea®, a blend of fruit and vegetable extracts, in healthy volunteers, during a ran...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A plant genus of the family MYRTACEAE that bears an edible fruit and contains guavin B and quercetin glycosides.

Glycosides from plants of the genus DIGITALIS. Some of these are useful as cardiotonic and anti-arrhythmia agents. Included also are semi-synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring glycosides. The term has sometimes been used more broadly to include all CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES, but here is restricted to those related to Digitalis.

A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.

Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)

A natural tocopherol with less antioxidant activity than ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. As in BETA-TOCOPHEROL, it also has three methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus but at different sites.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...

Stress
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...


Searches Linking to this Article