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The direct method is a procedure designed to cause less pain during insertion of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). It was first reported in 2005 and differs from the standard method of insertion recommended by IUCD manufacturers. In France, the direct method is well known and used by experienced practitioners, but it has never been evaluated against the standard method of insertion. The aim of the study was therefore to compare the direct method with the standard method in terms of pain experienced during insertion and the side effects and satisfaction rates over 6 months. A prospective observational study was conducted in France between June and December 2016 to compare the direct and standard methods of IUCD insertion. The study included 535 women: 281 in the direct method group (DM group) and 254 in the standard method group (SM group). Women in the DM group reported less pain. This difference was assessed by multilevel multivariate analysis (-8.3 mm, 95% confidence interval (CI) -14.3, -2.3). There was no difference in the occurrence of infection (1.4% vs. 2.8%; = .366) and 6-month continuation rates (89.4% vs. 89.2%; = .936). Satisfaction rates at 6 months were higher in the DM group (93.6% vs. 87.4%; = .019). The results of the study suggest that the direct method of IUCD insertion is associated with less pain and does not increase the risk of adverse effects. Widespread adoption of the direct method could improve women's comfort and lead to a higher uptake of the IUCD as a form of contraception.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception
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The shifting in position or location of an INTRAUTERINE DEVICE from its original placement.
A mutation named with the blend of insertion and deletion. It refers to a length difference between two ALLELES where it is unknowable if the difference was originally caused by a SEQUENCE INSERTION or by a SEQUENCE DELETION. If the number of nucleotides in the insertion/deletion is not divisible by three, and it occurs in a protein coding region, it is also a FRAMESHIFT MUTATION.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus with a string extending from the device through the cervical as into the vagina. (UMDNS, 1999)
Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.
Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
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Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...