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The interaction of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) with human haemoglobin (Hb) is studied for the biologically safe application of ZnO NPs in the human body. The Hb corona is formed around the ZnO nanoparticles, directly observed from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images. Hb formed 'hard corona' on the surface of ZnO NPs from an exponential association mechanism over a very short duration, as well as unfolding of Hb that occurred over a long lifetime. Dynamic light scattering measurements demonstrated that the ZnO NPs were completely covered by Hb with shell thickness of c. 6 nm that formed a 'hard corona'. Zeta potential measurements represented that the ZnO NPs were fully covered by Hb molecules using an exponential association mechanism. Tryptophans (TRY), as well as heme-porphyrin moieties of Hb, are the major binding sites for ZnO NPs. The nature of the interaction between ZnO NPs and Hb was analysed from the fluorescence quenching of TRYs. Electrostatic interaction, along with the hydrophobic interaction between ZnO NPs and Hb, is responsible for the conformational change in Hb due to increase in the percentage of β-sheets together with a decrease in α-helices.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence
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Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.
The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.
Microscopic study of the spacial distribution pattern of CHROMATIN in CELL NUCLEI and CELL NUCLEOLI.
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)
The scientific study of inherited human variation.