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Liver disease and nutritional status affect each other mutually. Hepatic function is impaired by malnutrition and can be improved by nutrition therapy. Liver cirrhosis leads to prognostically relevant malnutrition in a stage dependent manner. Protein depletion and sarcopenia are its key features. Patients with liver cirrhosis should undergo systematic screening for risk of malnutrition and if positive sarcopenia should be assessed and a nutrition plan devised. In cirrhotic patients, spontaneous food intake frequently does not meet requirements and prolonged (> 12 h) periods of fasting must be avoided. In a stepwise fashion nutritional counseling, oral nutritional supplements, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition as third-line-therapy should be used. In cirrhotic patients, nutrition therapy can improve morbidity and mortality by ensuring the adequate provision of energy, protein and micronutrients.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
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