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Protective Effects of Prunasin A against the Differentiation of Osteoclasts and Destruction of Cartilage via the Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-Kappa-Β Ligand/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Osteoprotegerin Pathway in a Rat Model of Arthritis.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Protective Effects of Prunasin A against the Differentiation of Osteoclasts and Destruction of Cartilage via the Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-Kappa-Β Ligand/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Osteoprotegerin Pathway in a Rat Model of Arthritis."

The present study evaluated the protective effects of pseurotin A against inflammation and the destruction of cartilage in a rat model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA was induced by intradermal injections of Freund's complete adjuvant (1 mg/mL), and the treatment with pseurotin A (50 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered over 1 week. The effects of pseurotin A were assessed by estimating hind paw volume (HPV) and determining the levels of inflammatory mediators in the serum and synovial fluid of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA)-induced RA rats. Western blot and histopathological assays were performed to assess changes in synovial tissues. Additionally, in vitro analyses of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa-Β ligand (RANKL)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells treated with pseurotin A at different concentrations (1, 10, and 100 µg/mL) were conducted to assess the effects of pseurotin A on apoptosis ratio, real-time polymerase chain reaction data, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. Compared to the RA group, treatment with pseurotin A significantly decreased HPV and reduced the levels of inflammatory mediators in the synovial fluid and blood. Additionally, pseurotin A ameliorated the protein expressions of osteoprotegerin, nuclear factor of activated T-cells, nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-κB), IκBα, extracellular signal regulated kinase, and P38 as well as histopathological changes in the synovial tissue of CIA-induced RA rats. The in vitro findings revealed that pseurotin A treatment did not alter the apoptosis ratio in RANKL-stimulated RAW264.7 cells but significantly reduced the mRNA expressions of calcitonin receptor, NF-κB, and matrix metallopeptidase-9. The present findings suggest that pseurotin A ameliorated the differentiation of osteoclasts and the destruction of cartilage in RA rats via regulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase/RANKL/NF-kB pathway.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pharmacology
ISSN: 1423-0313
Pages: 1-10

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