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Thyroid Hormone Diminishes Ca2+ Overload Induced by Hypoxia/Reoxygenation in Cardiomyocytes by Inhibiting Late Sodium Current and Reverse-Na+/Ca2+ Exchange Current.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Thyroid Hormone Diminishes Ca2+ Overload Induced by Hypoxia/Reoxygenation in Cardiomyocytes by Inhibiting Late Sodium Current and Reverse-Na+/Ca2+ Exchange Current."

Intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) overload occurs in myocardial ischemia and -reperfusion. The augmentation of the late sodium current (INaL) causes intracellular Na+ accumulation and subsequent [Ca2+]i overload via the reverse mode of the Na+/Ca2+ exchange current (reverse-INCX), which can lead to arrhythmia and cardiac dysfunction. Thus, inhibition of INaL is a potential therapeutic approach for ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thyroid hormone on augmented INaL, reverse-INCX, altered action potential duration (APD), and [Ca2+]i concentration in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced ventricular myocytes in vitro.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pharmacology
ISSN: 1423-0313
Pages: 1-10

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inherited autosomal recessive trait, characterized by peripheral resistance to THYROID HORMONES and the resulting elevation in serum levels of THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE. This syndrome is caused by mutations of gene THRB encoding the THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS BETA in target cells. HYPOTHYROIDISM in these patients is partly overcome by the increased thyroid hormone levels.

Specific high affinity binding proteins for THYROID HORMONES in target cells. They are usually found in the nucleus and regulate DNA transcription. These receptors are activated by hormones that leads to transcription, cell differentiation, and growth suppression. Thyroid hormone receptors are encoded by two genes (GENES, ERBA): erbA-alpha and erbA-beta for alpha and beta thyroid hormone receptors, respectively.

A hypermetabolic syndrome caused by excess THYROID HORMONES which may come from endogenous or exogenous sources. The endogenous source of hormone may be thyroid HYPERPLASIA; THYROID NEOPLASMS; or hormone-producing extrathyroidal tissue. Thyrotoxicosis is characterized by NERVOUSNESS; TACHYCARDIA; FATIGUE; WEIGHT LOSS; heat intolerance; and excessive SWEATING.

A T3 thyroid hormone normally synthesized and secreted by the thyroid gland in much smaller quantities than thyroxine (T4). Most T3 is derived from peripheral monodeiodination of T4 at the 5' position of the outer ring of the iodothyronine nucleus. The hormone finally delivered and used by the tissues is mainly T3.

Autoantibodies that bind to the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (RECEPTORS, THYROTROPIN) on thyroid epithelial cells. The autoantibodies mimic TSH causing an unregulated production of thyroid hormones characteristic of GRAVES DISEASE.

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