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Disposal of concentrate from brackish water desalination is limited by concerns of salt leaching into fresh water sources. Prevention of salt from leaching can greatly increase desalination concentrat...
Under conditions leading to aging and metabolic syndrome, the hypothalamus atypically undergoes proinflammatory signaling activation leading to a chronic and stable background inflammation, referred t...
Balb/CJ mice are more sensitive to treatment with Angiotensin II (AngII) and high salt (Salt) diet compared to C57BL/6J. Together with higher mortality, they develop edema, signs of heart failure and ...
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the most common serious complication of pregnancy, resulting in significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Vasospasm is the main pathogenesis of PI...
Aging is associated with altered water, electrolyte, and glucose handling. Alternative beverages to those containing carbohydrate (CHO) should be considered for older adults. We hypothesized that redu...
Humans display a preference for salt although the reasons remain unclear. The aim was to examine the hypothesis that salt may enhance mood. The study compares the drinking of water with an...
Acromegaly is a disease due to an excess of growth hormone that abnormally occurs in adulthood. It is due to a benign (non cancerous) tumor located in a particular part of the brain that s...
The main interest of this study is to investigate the influence of moderate alcohol consumption (beer) on salt-water homeostasis. Therefore, 10 healthy volunteers will participate in 4 Int...
ABSTRACT Background: It is well recognized that excess dietary salt intake plays a major role in the development of hypertension. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with ex...
The purpose of the study is to determine whether the excretion of renal water- and salt-channels in the urine reflects the handling of water and salt in the kidneys, and whether the excret...
A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.
An anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic glucocorticoid that can be administered orally, by inhalation, locally, and parenterally. It may cause water and salt retention.
A condition resulting from the excessive retention of water with sodium depletion.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...