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and expression in GABAergic neurons controls behavior, metabolism, healthy aging and lifespan.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "and expression in GABAergic neurons controls behavior, metabolism, healthy aging and lifespan."

and encode two homeobox transcription factors expressed by developing and mature GABAergic interneurons. During development, play a role in the differentiation of certain GABAergic subclasses. Here we address the question of the functional role of Dlx5/6 in the mature central nervous system. First, we demonstrate that and are expressed by all subclasses of adult cortical GABAergic neurons. Then we analyze mice in which and are simultaneously inactivated in all GABAergic interneurons. mice present a behavioral pattern suggesting reduction of anxiety-like behavior and obsessive-compulsive activities, and a lower interest in nest building. Twenty-month-old animals have the same size as their normal littermates, but present a 25% body weight reduction associated with a marked decline in white and brown adipose tissue. Remarkably, both and mice present a 33% longer median survival. Hallmarks of biological aging such as motility, adiposity and coat conditions are improved in mutant animals. Our data imply that GABAergic interneurons can regulate healthspan and lifespan through -dependent mechanisms. Understanding these regulations can be an entry point to unravel the processes through which the brain affects body homeostasis and, ultimately, longevity and healthy aging.

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Name: Aging
ISSN: 1945-4589
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neurons whose primary neurotransmitter is GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID.

Thin layer of WHITE MATTER mostly of GABAERGIC NEURONS located between the PUTAMEN and the CLAUSTRUM.

A winged-helix transcription factor that regulates GENE expression in metabolic tissues. It plays a role in HOMEOSTASIS of GLUCOSE and controls expression of GLUT2 PROTEIN.

The development and maintenance of optimal physical, mental, spiritual, and social well-being and function with advancing age.

Substances used for their pharmacological actions on GABAergic systems. GABAergic agents include agonists, antagonists, degradation or uptake inhibitors, depleters, precursors, and modulators of receptor function.

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