Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Drug delivery is one of the most important issues in the treatment of cancer and surviving the patient. Recently, with a combination of mathematical models of the tumor growth and control theory, optimal drug delivery can be planned, individually. The goal is reducing the tumor volume with minimum side effects on the patient. One of the most important challenges of the modeling is considering the drug resistance, which may lead to failure of the treatment. In this paper, a mathematical model is proposed for describing the growth dynamics of the melanoma tumor cells. It is assumed that the melanoma cancer is treated with Notch signaling pathway inhibitors of the cancer stem cells. The model parameters are identified based on experimental data obtained from 13 male nude mice with an induced melanoma cancer involved in a dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) program. The mathematical model is used to determine if DAPT can reduce the growth rate of the tumor. Then an optimal drug delivery plan for the treatment of every animal model is presented, individually using finite-set model predictive control method. The results show that the proposed model can estimate the drug's effect on the treatment of melanoma cancer.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: IEEE/ACM transactions on computational biology and bioinformatics
Melanoma has always been described as an immunogenic tumor. Despite that, until 2011 the standard of care in metastatic melanoma was chemotherapy, with low response rates and no clear impact on overal...
Recent approaches in the treatment of cancer focus on involving the immune system to control the tumor growth. The administration of immunotherapies, like checkpoint inhibitors, has shown impressive r...
Hormone therapy is one of the popular therapeutic methods for prostate cancer. Intermittent androgen suppression (IAS) is the method which stops and resumes hormone therapy repeatedly. The efficacy of...
Melanoma is a lethal cancer. NF-κB has been validated as a molecular target for melanoma treatment. Current therapies for melanoma have limitations. Novel targeted therapeutics are needed. Arnicolide...
Today, a number of treatment options are now available for metastatic melanoma. Within the last decade, the development of novel immunotherapies for cancer has significantly altered the course of the ...
The aim of this study is to develop a predictive model of risk of developing melanoma. We will used artificial intelligence techniques to analysed images patterns obtained by clinical and ...
This is a pilot study to test the utility of an integrated approach in the management of the anemia of chronic kidney disease through the administration of both an erythropoietic stimulati...
This is an interventional mono-centric study in patients with BRAF mutated metastatic melanoma treated with BRAF/MEK inhibitors. The aim of the study is to test the grafting of patient tum...
This is a randomized crossover trial with 1:1 randomization to the admission sequence of using the Control AP system (rMPC - Naïve Model Predictive Control) vs. Experimental AP system (En...
The objective of this randomized crossover clinical trial is to 1) assess the efficacy and safety of an automated insulin delivery (AID) system using a Model Predictive Control (MPC) algor...
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...