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Adsorption thermodynamic characteristics of Chlorella vulgaris with organic polymer adsorbent cationic starch: Effect of temperature on adsorption capacity and rate.

08:00 EDT 24th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Adsorption thermodynamic characteristics of Chlorella vulgaris with organic polymer adsorbent cationic starch: Effect of temperature on adsorption capacity and rate."

Aiming at optimizing the adsorption process of Chlorella vulgaris and cationic starch, the adsorption thermodynamic characteristics were evaluated. Different from inorganic calcium salt adsorbent, the adsorption nature of organic polymer cationic starch is exothermic (ΔH° < 0) and spontaneous (ΔG° < 0). Besides, the adsorption capacity and rate can be well described by Langmiur isotherm and pseudo second kinetic models. As results of exothermic nature and great driving force of lower temperature, the adsorption capacity and rate declined with the rising temperature. The maximal values of them were obtained at 278.15 K, which were 9148.14 mg microalgae (g cationic starch) and 8.74 × 10 mg g min. Additionally, with insufficient adsorbent, the highest adsorption efficiency (96.37%) was achieved at 278.15 K for stirring 150 min. For 288.15, 298.15, 308.15 and 318.15 K, the adsorption efficiency decreased to 93.77%, 86.75%, 83.32% and 81.57% and the time consumed were at least 40 min longer.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioresource technology
ISSN: 1873-2976
Pages: 122056

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