Attentional prioritization reconfigures novel instructions into action-oriented task sets.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Attentional prioritization reconfigures novel instructions into action-oriented task sets."

An astonishing aspect of human cognitive flexibility concerns the ability to efficiently convert complex symbolic instructions into novel behaviors. In such ability, the rapid transformation of relevant content into action plans is particularly crucial as it allows for reflexive, automatic-like execution of merely instructed task sets. However, little is known about the mechanisms that give rise to this transformation. In the current study, we test the hypothesis that novel instructions held in working memory are reformatted into action-oriented representations when selective attention prioritizes their content. To do so, we devised a paradigm in which participants first encoded 4 S-R mappings and later, a retro-cue selected two of them. We first found that participants can benefit from retro-cues during the implementation of novel task-sets. Then, across two preregistered experiments, we observed that cued mappings (but not uncued ones) induced intention-based reflexivity, suggesting that only these entered an action-oriented state. Altogether, our results reveal that selective attention prioritizes relevant novel instructed content, playing an important role in its prospective reformatting into an action-bound task set.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cognition
ISSN: 1873-7838
Pages: 104059


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [4504 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Self-prioritization and the attentional systems.

Humans prioritize stimuli related to themselves rather than to other people. How we control these priorities is poorly understood, though it is relevant to the nature of self-processing and a wide ran...

Attentional instructions modulate differential context-switch effects after short and long training in human predictive learning.

Three experiments in human predictive learning assessed the modulating role of instructions on context-switch effects on performance after different levels of training. Cue X (a food name) was paired ...

Intrusive effects of task-irrelevant information on visual selective attention: semantics and size.

Attentional selection is a mechanism by which incoming sensory information is prioritized for further, detailed, and more effective, processing. Given that attended information is privileged by the se...

Threat reduces value-driven but not salience-driven attentional capture.

What we direct our attention to is strongly influenced by both bottom-up and top-down processes. Moreover, the control of attention is biased by prior learning, such that attention is automatically ca...

Successful attentional set-shifting in 2-year-olds with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder.

The development of executive function is necessary for flexible and voluntary control of behavior. Deficits in executive function are purported to be a primary cause of behavioral inflexibility-a core...

Clinical Trials [2115 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Mechanisms of Action and Outcome

The objective of this study is to examine the mechanisms of action and outcome in mental health peer support groups. The study design is a randomized trial in which participants are assig...

Ready, Set, Goal: Motivation and Cognition in Stroke Patients

Apathy is a syndrome of reduced motivation, characterized by diminished goal-directed behaviours (e.g., lack of effort), decreased goal-oriented cognitions (e.g., lack of interest) and blu...

Patient Oriented Discharge Summary Impact Study

Improving the patient experience has become a major focus of quality improvement efforts in Ontario and in health systems worldwide. However, our existing knowledge base is relatively unde...

Improving Parent Understanding of Instructions About Asthma Care

Asthma has an especially great impact on poor urban children and their families. In addition to higher asthma prevalence and morbidity, those in low SES urban areas are at risk for low he...

Video Discharge Instructions (VDI) as Adjuncts to Written Discharge Instructions in the Emergency Department

Patients seen in the ED with either a laceration, minor head injury, or urinary tract infection will be randomized to one of two groups. Both groups will receive the standard written disch...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.

Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.

An increased focus or awareness of certain stimuli over others, which influence behavior.

Sequential operating instructions for a particular problem or function to be run on a digital computer.

Books designed to give factual information or instructions.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article