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A recyclable polypyrrole (PPy)/cadmium sulfide (CdS) hollow fiber photocatalyst was innovatively fabricated for solving the loss issue of the current powder-form photocatalyst in slurry system. Core-sheath structure CdS/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber was prepared via successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method on the surface of PAN fiber. PPy was further deposited on the CdS/PAN fiber by vapor deposition polymerization. After the removal of interior PAN template, PPy/CdS hollow fiber was yielded. The hollow structure of PPy/CdS hollow fiber was confirmed by morphology observation. The resulting PPy/CdS hollow fiber presents low energy band gaps of 1.9 eV, which accounts for enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity after PPy deposition. PPy/CdS hollow fiber shows good dye removal efficiency of 73.06 wt% (dosage of the product as low as 5 mg·10 mL), and praiseworthy H production rate up to 269.7 μmol·g·h. PPy/CdS hollow fiber maintained high and sustainable photocatalytic activity compared to CdS/PAN fiber after 8 cycles, indicating that PPy effectively improved the stability of CdS. Here, PPy plays key synergistic role in photocatalysis of PPy/CdS hollow fiber for the promotive and protective effects based on the actual photocatalytic performance and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) results. Compared with nano-sized photocatalysts, the fiber-formed PPy/CdS hollow fiber is highly bulky and easy to recycle. PPy/CdS hollow fiber has great potential for scale-up in industrial application because of its excellent grabbing ability and degradation to contaminants, and ease of disposal.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of colloid and interface science
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Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.
Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
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