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Identification of a haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex in human blood plasma.

08:00 EDT 19th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Identification of a haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex in human blood plasma."

Blood plasma metalloproteins that contain copper (Cu), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and/or other metals/metalloids are potential disease biomarkers because the bloodstream is in permanent contact with organs. Their quantification and/or the presence of additional metal-entities or the absence of certain metalloproteins in blood plasma (e.g. in Wilson's disease) may provide insight into the dyshomeostasis of the corresponding metal (s) to gain insight into disease processes. The first step in investigating if the determination of plasma metalloproteins is useful for the diagnosis of diseases is their definitive qualitative identification. To this end, we have added individual highly pure Cu, Fe or Zn-containing metalloproteins to plasma (healthy volunteer) and analyzed this mixture by size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled to an inductively coupled plasma atomic spectrometer (ICP-AES), simultaneously monitoring the emission lines of Cu, Fe and Zn. The results clearly identified ceruloplasmin (Cp), holo-transferrin (hTf), and α-macroglobulin (αM), which verifies our previous assignments. Interestingly, another major Fe-peak in plasma was identified as a haptoglobin (Hp)-hemoglobin (Hb) complex. This Hp-Hb complex is formed after Hb, which is released during the hemolysis of erythrocytes, binds to the plasma protein Hp. The Hp-Hb complex formation is known to be one of the strongest interactions in biochemistry (K≈1pmol/L) and is critical because it prevents kidney toxicity of free Hb. Hence, the simultaneous determination of Cp, hTf, αM and the Hp-Hb complex in plasma in <25min has the potential to provide new insight into disease processes associated with the bioinorganic chemistry of Cu, Fe and Zn.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of inorganic biochemistry
ISSN: 1873-3344
Pages: 110802

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