Topics

Aerobic fitness relates to differential attentional but not language-related cognitive processes.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Aerobic fitness relates to differential attentional but not language-related cognitive processes."

Compelling evidence supports an association between the attribute of aerobic fitness and achievement scores on standardized tests of reading. However, such standardized assessments provide only a broad valuation of a complex network of language related sub-processes that contribute to reading and are heavily confounded by other attention-related processes. The present investigation sought to clarify the nature of the association between aerobic fitness and language processing in a sample of college-aged adults. Participants were bifurcated based on aerobic fitness level and on a separate day were asked to complete a lexical decision task while neuroelectric activity was recorded. Analysis of word-level language-related ERP components revealed no fitness differences. However, lower aerobically-fit individuals elicited smaller amplitude for attention-related ERP components relative to the higher aerobically-fit group. These data provide initial evidence to suggest that fitness-related differences in reading achievement may result from attentional processes rather than acting upon specific language-related processes.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brain and language
ISSN: 1090-2155
Pages: 104681

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [18104 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Cognitive Performance, Aerobic Fitness, Motor Proficiency, and Brain Function Among Children Newly Diagnosed With Craniopharyngioma.

Craniopharyngioma survivors experience cognitive deficits that negatively impact quality of life. Aerobic fitness is associated with cognitive benefits in typically developing children and physical ex...

A relationship between weak attentional control and cognitive distortions, explained by negative affect.

People high in negative affect (anxiety or depression) show cognitive distortions, specific thinking errors which contribute to the maintenance of their condition. It is thought that weak attentional ...

Relationship between brachial and popliteal artery low-flow mediated constriction in older adults: Impact of aerobic fitness on vascular endothelial function.

We previously observed that brachial artery (BA) low-flow mediated constriction (L-FMC) is inversely related to aerobic fitness (i.e., VOpeak) in older adults (OA). However, it is unclear if an L-FMC ...

Commentary on the Article "Interpreting Aerobic Fitness in Youth: The Fallacy of Ratio Scaling"-Is Body Mass the Best Body Size Descriptor to Normalize Aerobic Fitness in the Pediatric Population?

Effects of exercise dose and type during breast cancer chemotherapy on longer-term patient-reported outcomes and health-related fitness: A randomized controlled trial.

The Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise (CARE) Trial compared different types and doses of exercise performed during breast cancer chemotherapy. Here, we report the longer-term follow-up of patie...

Clinical Trials [8840 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Aerobic Fitness in Health Enthusiasts

Oxyjun is known for improving cardiovascular endurance. Overweight individuals are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications. To lower the risk, these individuals need to remain ph...

Dose Response Study of Aerobic Exercise in Older Adults

This is a randomized, 26-week study of supervised exercise assessing three doses of exercise in sedentary individuals 65 years of age and over with age-related cognitive changes. A total ...

Effects of Combined Aerobic Exercise and Cognitive Training (The ACT Trial)

This clinical trial tests the efficacy and additive/synergistic effects of an ACT intervention on cognition and relevant mechanisms (aerobic fitness, Alzheimer's disease [AD] signature cor...

The Effect of Age, Physical Fitness and a Single Bout of Aerobic Exercise on Motor and Cognitive Functions

The proposed study is intended to examine the connection between two types of inhibition - cognitive and motor and the connection between motor inhibitory functions and a single bout of ph...

Efficacy of Lifestyle Changes in Modifying Practical Markers of Wellness and Aging.

To assess the impact of lifestylel changes upon measures of wellness and aging, in particular weight change, fitness measures, and cognitive performance. The hypothesis was that aerobic ex...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A neuropsychological test designed to assess different memory functions. It may incorporate an optional cognitive exam (Brief Cognitive Status Exam) that helps to assess memory related cognitive function.

A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.

Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.

Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.

A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article