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Restoring polluted sites by petroleum hydrocarbons is a challenge because of their complexity and persistence in the environment. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the performance of plant-actinobacteria system for the remediation of crude petroleum and pure-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contaminated soils. The endophytic strain Streptomyces sp. Hlh1 was tested for its ability to degrade model PAHs (phenanthrene, pyrene and anthracene) in liquid minimal medium. Streptomyces sp. Hlh1 demonstrated the ability to grow on PAHs as sole carbon and energy source, reaching hydrocarbons removal of 63%, 93% and 83% for phenanthrene, pyrene and anthracene, respectively. Maize plant was chosen to study the impact of Streptomyces sp. Hlh1 inoculation on the dissipation of contaminants and plant growth. Thus, maize seedlings grown in soils contaminated with crude petroleum and pure-PAHs were inoculated with Streptomyces sp. Hlh1. Results showed that the endophyte inoculation increased contaminants removal. Maximum hydrocarbons removal (70%) was achieved in inoculated and planted soil contaminated with crude oil, while 61%, 59%, and 46% of hydrocarbons dissipation were registered for phenanthrene, pyrene and anthracene, respectively. These degradations rates were significantly higher compared to non-inoculated systems in all the treatments evaluated. Further, it was revealed that hydrocarbons (C-C) were efficiently degraded in plant-Streptomyces Hlh1 system. Moreover, the inoculation with the actinobacteria resulted significant plant development and enhanced photosynthetic pigments compared to plants grown in the other experimental conditions. The present study provide evidence that the inoculation of maize plants with Streptomyces sp. Hlh1 play a remarkable role in the removal of petroleum hydrocarbons, enhancing plant development in contaminated soils.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
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A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
A colloidal system of semisolid hydrocarbons obtained from PETROLEUM. It is used as an ointment base, topical protectant, and lubricant.
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.