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To assess the effects of 4-nitrophenol (PNP) and 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (PNMC) on steroidogenesis in the chicken ovary, white (WF, 1-4 mm) and yellowish (YF, 4-8 mm) prehierarchical follicles were incubated in a medium supplemented with PNP or PNMC (10-10 M), ovine LH (oLH; 10 ng/mL), and combinations of oLH with PNP or PNMC (10 M). Testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) concentrations in media and mRNA expression for steroidogenic proteins (STAR, HSD3B1, and CYP19A1), and LH receptors (LHR), estrogen receptor α (ESR1) and β (ESR2) in follicles were determined by RIA and real-time qPCR, respectively. PNP and PNMC decreased T and E2 secretion by the WF and YF, and oLH-stimulated T secretion from these follicles. PNP decreased basal STAR and HSD3B1 mRNA levels both in the WF and YF, and CYP19A1 mRNAs in the WF. PNP reduced oLH-affected mRNA expression of these genes in the YF. PNMC inhibited basal STAR, HSD3B1, and CYP19A1 mRNA expression in the WF, but not in the YF. PNMC reduced oLH-stimulated STAR and CYP19A1 expression in the YF and WF, respectively. PNP decreased basal mRNA expression of LHR, ESR1, and ESR2 in the WF, but it increased ESR1 and ESR2 mRNA levels in the YF. PNMC reduced both basal and oLH-affected LHR, ESR1, and ESR2 mRNA expression in the WF; however, it did not influence expression of these genes in the YF. We suggest that nitrophenols by influencing sex steroid synthesis and transcription of LH and estrogen receptors in prehierarchical ovarian follicles may impair their development and selection to the preovulatory hierarchy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Domestic animal endocrinology
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An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
Inflammation of follicles, primarily hair follicles.
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...