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Receptor tyrosine kinase PDGFRα is often constitutively activated in various tumours and is regarded as a drug target. Here, we present a collection of 2,6,9-trisubstituted purines with nanomolar potency against PDGFRα and strong and selective cytotoxicity in the human eosinophilic leukaemia cell line EOL-1 that expresses the FIP1L1-PDGFRA oncogene. In treated EOL-1 cells, the example compound 14q inhibited the autophosphorylation of PDGFRα and the phosphorylation of STAT3 and ERK1/2. Interestingly, we observed pronounced and even increased effects of 14q on PDGFRα and some of its downstream signalling pathways after drug washout. In accordance with suppressed PDGFRα signalling, treated cells were arrested in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and eventually underwent apoptosis. Our results show that substituted purines can be used as specific modulators of eosinophilic leukaemia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
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Circulating 38-kDa proteins that are internal peptide fragments of PLASMINOGEN. The name derives from the fact that they are potent ANGIOGENESIS INHIBITORS. Angiostatins contain four KRINGLE DOMAINS which are associated with their potent angiostatic activity.
A 150-kDa MAP kinase kinase kinase that may play a role in the induction of APOPTOSIS. It has specificity for MAP KINASE KINASE 3; MAP KINASE KINASE 4; and MAP KINASE KINASE 6.
Phosphoprotein with protein kinase activity that functions in the G2/M phase transition of the CELL CYCLE. It is the catalytic subunit of the MATURATION-PROMOTING FACTOR and complexes with both CYCLIN A and CYCLIN B in mammalian cells. The maximal activity of cyclin-dependent kinase 1 is achieved when it is fully dephosphorylated.
A 70-kDa MAP kinase kinase kinase with specificity for MAP KINASE KINASE 5. It is activated during the cellular response to GROWTH FACTORS, oxidative stress, and hyperosmotic conditions.
A 195-kDa MAP kinase kinase kinase with broad specificity for MAP KINASE KINASES. It is found localized in the CYTOSKELETON and can activate a variety of MAP kinase-dependent pathways.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...