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First results on transient plasma-based remediation of nanoscale particulate matter in restaurant smoke emissions.

08:00 EDT 9th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "First results on transient plasma-based remediation of nanoscale particulate matter in restaurant smoke emissions."

Recent studies have shown that nanoscale particulate matter produced in commercial charbroiling processes represents a serious health hazard and has been linked to various forms of cancer and cardiopulmonary disease. In this study, we propose a highly effective method for treating restaurant smoke emissions using a transient pulsed plasma reactor produced by nanosecond high voltage pulses. We measure the size and relative mass distributions of particulate matter (PM) produced in commercial charbroiling processes (e.g., cooking of hamburger meat) both with and without the plasma treatment. Here, the plasma discharge is produced in a 3" diameter cylindrical reactor with a 5-10 ns high voltage (17 kV) pulse generator. The distribution of untreated nanoparticle sizes is peaked around 125-150 nm in diameter, as measured using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) spectrometer. With plasma treatment, we observe up to a 55-fold reduction in relative particle mass and a significant reduction in the nanoparticle size distribution using this method. The effectiveness of the nanoscale PM remediation increases with both the pulse repetition rate and pulse voltage, demonstrating the scalability of this approach for treating particulate matter at higher flow rates and larger diameter reactors.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental research
ISSN: 1096-0953
Pages: 108635

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