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Worldwide basket survey of multielemental composition of white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus.

08:00 EDT 30th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Worldwide basket survey of multielemental composition of white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus."

Agaricus bisporus is the most commonly cultivated and consumed mushroom species. The aim of this study was to compare the profile of macro- and trace elements in A. bisporus fruit bodies produced commercially in 19 countries in 2018 and distributed worldwide (32 analyzed objects). Trace elements with unknown biological roles were also determined. The content of 36 elements (of 70 taken into account) revealed significant differences among the analyzed objects. Contents of Ca, K, Mg, Na and S varied in wide ranges of 425-2430, 12740-40940, 610-3240, 98-430 and 1030-2650 mg kg dw, respectively. The fruit bodies were characterized by a generally similar content of trace elements with some clear exceptions. Rankings of the objects according to the decreased amount of macroelements, trace elements and all elements jointly, show that mushrooms are significantly diverse as regards the content of particular elements of the mentioned group. The analyzed fruit bodies displayed a relatively high content of Ca, Mo and Se, and a high K/Na ratio. Regardless of origin, A. bisporus did not constitute a source of significant levels of Al, Cd or rare earth elements. An increased level of As and Pb in mushrooms from several producers indicates a need for additional measures to reduce potential dietary exposures to these toxicants.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 124718

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).

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The white of an egg, especially a chicken's egg, used in cooking. It contains albumin. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

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