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Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a group of anthropogenic organic fluorinated compounds that have been detected widely. To discover unknown PFASs, previous researchers have applied high-resolution mass spectrometer using fragmentation flagging approach with common fragment ion at the same retention time as the flags. However, it was difficult to search for their molecular ion from co-eluting peaks in the full-scan spectrum at a specific retention time. Here, we attempted to utilize drift time acquired by ion mobility spectrometry for making linkages between fragment ions and their molecular ions. For validating the process, standard solution spiked with PFASs were analyzed by liquid chromatography/ion mobility - quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/IM-QTOF-MS). Fluorinated fragment ions (fragmentation flags) were categorized into three classes: Class 1 (120 types of [CF]), Class 2 (123 types of [CFO]), Class 3 (131 types of [CFOS]) and all overlapping fragmentation flags detected at an identical retention time were bundled together as a "flag set". Injecting standard mixed solution of 20 types of PFASs resulted in picking up 20 flag sets by fragmentation flagging. All the fragmentation flags were detected within a designated range of drift time, and their molecular ion was confirmed as a PFAS spiked in the standard solution even when co-eluting compounds were found at almost same retention time. This method was applied to a household fire extinguisher liquid, resulting in finding out nine molecular ions. Therefore, the new linking method achieved rapid searching for the prospective molecular ions using LC/IM-QTOF-MS.
This article was published in the following journal.
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a large group of chemicals and can be detected in environmental and human samples all over the world. Toxicity of existing and emerging PFASs will be a ...
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are widely used in China, but little is known about the association between prenatal PFASs exposure and fetal reproductive development as well as its potent...
Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have gained increasingly global attention in recent years. Due to their unique amphiphilic properties and stability, PFASs are recognized as highl...
Several studies have investigated the possible association between prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and birth anthropometry. However, none has assessed fetal size longitudinally....
In the current study, we investigated the occurrence, spatial distribution and seasonal variation of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), including one group of emerging PFASs, the chlorinated...
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Splitting the DNA into shorter pieces by endonucleolytic DNA CLEAVAGE at multiple sites. It includes the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, which along with chromatin condensation, are considered to be the hallmarks of APOPTOSIS.
An in situ method for detecting areas of DNA which are nicked during APOPTOSIS. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase is used to add labeled dUTP, in a template-independent manner, to the 3 prime OH ends of either single- or double-stranded DNA. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase nick end labeling, or TUNEL, assay labels apoptosis on a single-cell level, making it more sensitive than agarose gel electrophoresis for analysis of DNA FRAGMENTATION.
Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.
A method which uses specific precipitation reactions to separate or collect substances from a solution.
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