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A better understanding of the effects of different urban and recreational surfaces on the die-off of water-borne pathogens that can cause infections after urban floods if released from surcharged combined sewers and other sources of fecal contamination is needed. The die-off of fecal indicator Escherichia coli was studied under controlled exposure to simulated sunlight on a range of different surfaces found in urban environments: gravel, sand, asphalt, pavement blocks, concrete, playground rubber tiles and grass, using glass as control. The surfaces were inoculated with artificial flooding water containing 10 colony forming units (CFU) of E. coli per mL and sampled periodically using the sterile cotton swab technique, after lowering the water level. The results show that dark inactivation was not statistically significant for any surface, suggesting that chemical composition and pH (varying between 6.5 ± 0.8 and 9.2 ± 0.4) did not affect the die-off rates. The highest light-induced die-off rates for E. coli after the floodwater recession, observed on rubber (>3.46 h) and asphalt (2.7 h), were attributed to temperature stress and loss of surface moisture.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
In order to determine the microbial safety of produce, conventional fecal indicator bacteria (CFIB) such as Escherichia coli and Enterococcus are quantified as a standard practice. Bacteroidales are a...
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Search for mechanisms of the effect of fecal transplantation on a healthy organism and various nosological forms.
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