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Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is an important parameter that reflects soil fertility and quality. In this study, the effects of intercropping perennial ryegrass and straw mulch on the content, composition and spectral characteristics of soil DOM in orchards in arid and semi-arid areas were investigated by three-dimensional fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) combined with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC). Three treatments were applied in a 6-year-old apple orchard on the Loess Plateau: (1) clean tillage (CT); (2) intercropping perennial ryegrass mulch (RE); (3) intercropping straw mulch (CS). Soil samples (0-10, 10-20, 20-40, 40-60, 60-80, 80-100 cm) were collected from different treatments. The total soil organic carbon (SOC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) content were ranked as CS> RE> CT, and decreased with soil depth. In addition, the vertical distribution of DOC with different soil depth was caused by organic matter input but not leaching. Three humic-like components and two protein-like components were identified by EEM-PARAFAC. Fluorescence spectra showed that humic-like compounds were the dominant fractions in soil DOM in the CS treatment. Fluorescence Index (FI) indicated that the proportion of plant residues and soil organic matter derived DOM ranked as CT> RE> CS and gradually decreased with soil depth. Our results highlight the key role of orchard intercropping mulch in improving the content and compositions of soil DOM through different forms of organic inputs and provide new theoretical support for the evaluation of soil fertility in orchards.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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A form of elephantiasis caused by soil particles which penetrate the skin of the foot. It is limited to tropical regions with soils of high volcanic content.
The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
A genus of saprobic mushrooms in the family Bolbitiaceae that grow in grass, dung, garden mulch, or in woods.
Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
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