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Some addiction theories propose that nicotine dependence is characterized by an imbalance between motivation for cigarettes compared to non-drug rewards. This imbalance may become increasingly polarized during abstinence, which further potentiates smoking. The present study evaluated motivation for cigarettes and food during abstinence and nonabstinence in daily smokers. This study modified a previously validated cue-reactivity procedure to include food as a cue condition, thereby allowing the comparison of cigarettes to food and neutral cues. The Choice Behavior Under Cued Conditions (CBUCC) procedure, in which participants are presented with cues and spend money in order to gain immediate access to that cue, generates multiple variables to evaluate motivational factors and drug use behaviors including reward value, craving, seeking, choice time, and consumption.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug and alcohol dependence
Tobacco use is a major health disparities issue in the United States; it is much more common in less-educated and lower-income groups. These groups also experience a higher prevalence of food insecuri...
The major aim of this study was to test whether abstinence from e-cigarettes causes withdrawal symptoms.
Use of e-cigarettes among never smokers has substantially increased; yet there are few descriptions of the consequences of such use. We assessed whether adult never-smokers can have withdrawal from ce...
Understanding which tobacco products adolescents use first can lead to insights for tobacco prevention interventions and policies. We used cross-sectional data from high school students who reported e...
The tobacco industry has aggressively introduced new and diverse products in the market, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and heat-not-burn (HNB) tobacco products, to which adolescents a...
This project will examine the impact of very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes in a complex tobacco and nicotine product marketplace. We will compare the number of cigarettes smoked, ...
The purpose of this study is to measure changes in smoking behavior during and following sampling of an e-cigarette product. E-cigarettes are classified by the US Food and Drug Administrat...
This trial uses an Experimental Tobacco Marketplace to study the purchase of tobacco products in menthol cigarette smokers. Determining the level of substitutability of both flavored and u...
The purpose of this study is to see whether adults who use e-cigarettes every day experience symptoms of nicotine withdrawal when they stop using e-cigarettes for 6 days.
Background: - Denicotinized cigarettes are similar to commercial cigarettes but contain and deliver virtually no nicotine. Denicotinized cigarettes are used as a control condition...
1,2-Dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione. A herbicide and plant growth regulator; also used to control suckering of tobacco. Its residue in food and tobacco is highly toxic, causing CNS disturbances and liver damage.
Electronic devices that are designed to provide NICOTINE in the form of an inhaled aerosol. They typically are made in the shape of CIGARETTES in order to simulate the experience of CIGARETTE SMOKING.
Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
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Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...