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MicroRNA-21 (miRNA-21) is a promising diagnostic biomarker for breast cancer screening and disease progression. A sensitive and selective strategy for the quantitative determination of miRNA-21 is of great significance in the early diagnosis of cancers. Herein, a novel electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was designed for the detection of miRNA-21 with dual signal amplification based on isothermal strand-displacement polymerase reaction (ISDPR) and bridge DNA-gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) nanocomposites. The ECL biosensor was fabricated by self-assembling a thiolated capture probe (SH-CP) on the surface of a gold electrode. The target miRNA-21 initiated the phi29 DNA polymerase-mediated ISDPR, which could generate large numbers of single-stranded DNA (assistant DNA) with accurate and comprehensive nucleotide sequences. The assistant DNA was captured by the SH-CP self-assembled on the Au electrode and further hybridized with bridge DNA-AuNPs nanocomposites, more biotins can be captured on the electrode surface. Afterward, a streptavidin-modified Ru (bpy) complex (SA-Ru) was bound to the bridge DNA-AuNPs nanocomposites via a specific interaction between biotin and streptavidin to produce a strong ECL signal. The ECL intensity was logarithmically proportion to the concentration of target miRNA-21 over a range from 0.01 fM to 10,000 fM with a detection limit of 3.2 aM. The proposed ECL biosensor was successfully applied to detect miRNA-21 in total RNA samples extracted from human breast cancer cells, and it showed great potential for early cancer diagnosis based on miRNA as a biomarker.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biosensors & bioelectronics
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