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Knowledge on the influence of specific genotypes on the phenotypic expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is emerging. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genotype-phenotype relation in HCM patients and to construct a score to predict the genetic yield based to improve counseling. Unrelated HCM patients who underwent genetic testing were included in the analysis. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify variables that predict a positive genetic test. A weighted score was constructed based on the odds ratios. In total, 378 HCM patients were included of whom 141 carried a mutation (global yield 37%), 181 were mutation negative and 56 only carried a variant of unknown significance. We identified age at diagnosis <45 years, familial HCM, familial sudden death, arrhythmic syncope, maximal wall thickness ≥20 mm, asymmetrical hypertrophy and the absence of negative T waves in the lateral ECG leads as significant predictors of a positive genetic test. When we included these values in a risk score we found very high correlation between the score and the observed genetic yield (Pearson r = 0.98). MYBPC3 mutation carriers more frequently suffered sudden cardiac death compared to troponin complex mutations carriers (p = 0.01) and a similar trend was observed compared to MYH7 mutation carriers (p = 0.08) and mutation negative patients (p = 0.11). To conclude, a simple score system based on clinical variables can predict the genetic yield in HCM index patients, aiding in counseling HCM patients. MYBPC3 mutation carriers had a worse outcome regarding sudden cardiac death.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medical genetics
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An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.
A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
Graphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)