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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteins involved in a range of pathologies. Given that MMP broad-spectrum inhibition is associated with severe adverse effects, selectivity has become a priority in the design of MMP inhibitors, and is often achieved by targeting the variable S1' pocket. However, the specific characteristics of the S1' pocket that determine inhibitor selectivity are often not described and, in many cases, challenging to identify. In this review, we investigate the variability of the S1' pocket across the MMP family, and propose explanations for the selectivity of previously described inhibitors. These analyses provide valuable insights into how to design novel inhibitors selective for a given MMP.
Inspecting the structures of selective MMP inhibitors and the nature and variability of the S1 pocket across the MMP family has provided valuable information on selective MMP inhibition.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug discovery today
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The primary objective of this study is to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a MMP-1/TIMP-1 ratio equal to 0.24 at study entry to predict wound healing at 12 weeks' follow up visit.
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A transmembrane domain-containing matrix metalloproteinase. It is synthesized as an inactive zymogen that is activated by the proteolytic action of PROPROTEIN CONVERTASES. Matrix metalloproteinase 16 plays a direct role in the cleavage of proteins in the pericellular environment. In addition it can function indirectly by enzymatically activating the proprotein form of other MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES such as the zymogen of MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 2.
A transmembrane domain-containing matrix metalloproteinase. It is synthesized as an inactive zymogen that is activated by the action of PROPROTEIN CONVERTASES such as FURIN. Matrix metalloproteinase 14 plays a direct role in the cleavage of proteins in the pericellular environment. In addition it can function indirectly by enzymatically activating the proprotein form of MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 15.
A secreted matrix metalloproteinase that is believed to play a role in EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX remodeling and cell fate determination during normal and pathological processes. Matrix metalloproteinase 11 was originally isolated in primary BREAST NEOPLASMS and may be involved in the process of tumorigenesis.
A transmembrane domain-containing matrix metalloproteinase that plays a role in the cleavage of proteins in the pericellular environment. It is synthesized as an inactive zymogen that is activated by the action of ENDOPEPTIDASES such as MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 14.
A secreted matrix metalloproteinase that is the predominant proteolytic activity in the enamel matrix. The enzyme has a high specificity for dental enamel matrix protein AMELOGENIN.