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Decreased H3K9 acetylation level of LXRα mediated dexamethasone-induced placental cholesterol transport dysfunction.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Decreased H3K9 acetylation level of LXRα mediated dexamethasone-induced placental cholesterol transport dysfunction."

Due to the insufficient fetal cholesterol synthesis, maternal cholesterol transport through the placenta becomes an important source of fetal cholesterol pool, which is essential for fetal growth and development. This study aimed to investigate the effects of dexamethasone on fetal cholesterol levels, and explore its placental mechanism. Pregnant Wistar rats were injected subcutaneously with dexamethasone (0.8 mg/kg·d) from gestational day 9 to 20. Results showed that dexamethasone increased maternal serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, as well as placental cholesterol synthesis and TC concentration, while reduced fetal birth weight, and serum TC, HDL-C and LDL-C levels. Meanwhile, the expression of placental cholesterol transporters, including low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-B1) and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 and G1 (ABCA1 and ABCG1) were decreased by dexamethasone. Furthermore, the expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) were increased, while the H3K9ac and expression levels of liver X receptor α (LXRα) promoter were reduced. In human trophoblast cell line (BeWo), dexamethasone concentration-dependently decreased the expression levels of LDLR, SR-B1, ABCA1, ABCG1 as well as LXRα. Dexamethasone (2500 nM) induced GR translocation into nucleus and recruited HDAC3. Furthermore, LXRα agonist and GR inhibitor reversed respectively dexamethasone-induced the expression inhibitions of cholesterol transporter and LXRα, and HDAC3 siRNA reversed the H3K9ac level of LXRα promoter and its expression. Together, dexamethasone impaired placental cholesterol transport and eventually decreased fetal cholesterol levels, which is related to the down-regulation of LXRα mediated by GR/HDAC3/H3K9ac signaling.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular and cell biology of lipids
ISSN: 1879-2618
Pages: 158524

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A member of the TNF receptor family that was initially identified as a DEXAMETHASONE-induced protein from a T-CELL line. It may play a role in regulating APOPTOSIS and modulating immune response by T-lymphocytes. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.

A catalytic subunit of the NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex that functions in transcriptional activation of genes by acetylation of nucleosomal HISTONES H4 and H2A, altering nucleosome-DNA interactions and interaction of the modified histones with other activating transcription factors. It may control gene expression changes associated with oncogene and proto-oncogene mediated growth induction, tumor suppressor mediated growth arrest; CELL AGING; APOPTOSIS; and DNA REPAIR. It is polyubiquitinated and degraded during HIV-1 infection through its interaction with the viral TAT PROTEIN.

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Methods used for the assessment of placental function.

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