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The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of chronic S. aureus intramammary infection (IMI) on local innate and adaptive immune response during active involution. Cows in late lactation that were either uninfected or with chronic naturally acquired S. aureus IMI were included in this study. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-4 were significantly higher in mammary secretions of S. aureus-infected quarters compared with uninfected at d 7, 14 and 21 of involution. Lactoferrin (Lf), total IgG and S. aureus specific IgG levels were significantly lower in mammary secretions of infected quarters compared with uninfected during the first three weeks of involution. The amount of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced per macrophage, was significantly higher in mammary secretions of infected quarters compared with uninfected at d 14 post drying off. Nitrite production was significantly higher in phagocytes from infected mammary secretions compared with uninfected at d 7 and 14 post drying off. Chronic S. aureus IMI altered normal secretion composition during bovine mammary gland involution. The high IL-1β and IL-6 levels and increased functionality of macrophages in mammary secretions of infected quarters could be a result of the chronic inflammatory environment triggered by the presence of viable bacteria in mammary tissue. The lower levels of total and S. aureus specific antibodies and other immune factors in mammary secretion during this period may reduce the natural defense potential of the gland contributing to S. aureus persistence.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microbial pathogenesis
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A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
A 25-kDa peptidase produced by Staphylococcus simulans which cleaves a glycine-glcyine bond unique to an inter-peptide cross-bridge of the STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS cell wall. EC 220.127.116.11.
Pneumonia caused by infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS, usually with STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
An infection of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue that consists of a cluster of boils. Commonly, the causative agent is STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS. Carbuncles produce fever, leukocytosis, extreme pain, and prostration.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in the MAXILLARY SINUS. In many cases, it is caused by an infection of the bacteria HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE; STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE; or STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
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