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Sporulation on blood serum increases the virulence of Mucor circinelloides.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sporulation on blood serum increases the virulence of Mucor circinelloides."

Mucor circinelloides is an opportunistic human pathogen that is used to study mucormycosis, a rare but lethal infection in susceptible immunosuppressed patients. However, the virulence characteristics of this pathogen have not been fully elucidated. In this study, sporangiospores (spores) produced on YPG medium supplemented with native blood serum increased the virulence of M. circinelloides compared with spores produced on YPG supplemented with denatured blood serum or on YPG alone. The spores produced from YPG supplemented with native blood serum increased nematode death and led to significant increases in interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, macrophage inhibitory protein-2, and tumour necrosis factor α mRNA levels in liver and lung tissues from infected diabetic mice compared with those in tissues from animals infected with spores produced in the presence of YPG supplemented with denatured blood serum or of YPG alone. Moreover, spores produced from cultures supplemented with native blood serum showed increased germination rates and longer hyphae compared with other spores. The spores produced in YPG supplemented with native blood serum also enhanced resistance to stress factors and HO and increased thermotolerance compared with spores produced under other conditions. In addition, spores produced in presence of blood serum increased the ability of the pathogen to survive in the presence of macrophages. Taken together, our results showed that these factors were important features for fungal virulence in humans and suggested that thermolabile components in the blood serum may induce M. circinelloides virulence.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Microbial pathogenesis
ISSN: 1096-1208
Pages: 103737

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