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Exosomal MALAT1 Derived from Hepatic Cells is Involved in The Activation of Hepatic Stellate Cells via miRNA-26b in Fibrosis Induced by Arsenite.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Exosomal MALAT1 Derived from Hepatic Cells is Involved in The Activation of Hepatic Stellate Cells via miRNA-26b in Fibrosis Induced by Arsenite."

In the liver microenvironment, interactions among diverse types of hepatic cells are involved in liver fibrosis. In fibrotic tissues, exosomes act as transporters in intercellular communication. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which are participants in liver fibrosis. However, the functions of exosomal lncRNAs in liver fibrosis induced by arsenite are undefined. The purposes of the present study were (a) to determine if lncRNAs secreted from human hepatic (L-02) cells exposed to arsenite are shuttled to hepatic stellate LX-2 cells and (b) to establish their effects on LX-2 cells. In mice, MALAT1 was overexpressed in the progression of liver fibrosis induced by arsenite as well as in L-02 cells exposed to arsenite. Co-cultures with arsenite-treated L-02 cells induced the activation of LX-2 cells and overexpression of MALAT1. Arsenite-treated L-02 cells transported MALAT1 into LX-2 cells. Downregulation of MALAT1, which reduced the MALAT1 levels in exosomes derived from arsenite-treated L-02 cells, inhibited the activation of LX-2 cells. Additionally, exosomal MALAT1 derived from arsenite-treated L-02 cells promoted the activation of LX-2 cells via microRNA-26b regulation of COL1A2. Furthermore, circulating exosomal MALAT1 was up-regulated in people exposed to arsenite. In sum, exosomes derived from arsenite-treated hepatic cells transferred MALAT1 to HSCs, which induced their activation. These findings support the concept that, during liver fibrosis induced by arsenite, exosomal lncRNAs are involved in cell-cell communication.

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Name: Toxicology letters
ISSN: 1879-3169
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