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Generalized kinetics for thermal degradation and melt rheology for poly (lactic acid)/poly (butylene succinate)/functionalized chitosan based reactive nanobiocomposite.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Generalized kinetics for thermal degradation and melt rheology for poly (lactic acid)/poly (butylene succinate)/functionalized chitosan based reactive nanobiocomposite."

Systematic kinetics of melt-blended Polylactic acid (PLA)/Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and PLA/PBS/functionalized chitosan (FCH) nanobiocomposites with dicumyl peroxide (DCP) and chemical changes thereof at degradation temperatures are evaluated using thermogravimetry (TGA) and thermogravimetry coupled to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TGA-FTIR). A comprehensive kinetic model is employed on above blended samples, including (i) Flynn-Wall-Ozawa, Kissinger, Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose methods to investigate the kinetic and thermodynamic variables, and (ii) Generalized master plots to propose the thermal-induced mechanism. The thermal stability of PLA/PBS reduced with increasing FCH loading up to 3 wt%, and improved for DCP treated PLA/PBS/1FCH at maximum degradation temperature (T) is noticed. The activation energy estimated from Flynn-Wall-Ozawa method are (129-139 kJmol), (116-152 kJmol), (109-146 kJmol), (132-169 kJmol) and (120-166 kJmol) for PLA/PBS, PLA/PBS/1FCH, PLA/PBS/3FCH, PLA/PBS/1DFCH and PLA/PBS/3DFCH respectively. The generalized master plots depicts that the PLA/PBS blend exhibited L2-F1 mechanism whereas their nanobiocomposite with or without DCP followed L2-D and A2-L2-D mechanism respectively. Coupled TGA-FTIR highlights the similar kinds of products such as lactide, acetaldehyde, esters, CO and CO liberated during the thermal degradation of PLA/PBS blend and their nanobiocomposites. These crosslinked/branched structures are postulated by the rheological behavior which confirmed increase in the complex viscosity (η*) and storage modulus (G') of PLA/PBS/D/1FCH.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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