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Working memory updating training modulates a cascade of event-related potentials depending on task load.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Working memory updating training modulates a cascade of event-related potentials depending on task load."

The brain mechanisms of working memory (WM) training in humans remain unclear. Here we examined how WM updating training modulates a cascade of event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited at different processing stages. We hypothesized that WM updating training results to decreases in the early responses reflecting stimulus selection and response preparation, and increases the late slow responses reflecting maintenance of to-be-remembered materials. Healthy adults were randomized to a WM updating group that trained an adaptive dual n-back task (n=20), and an active control group that played a computer game (n=20). Both groups performed three 25-min training sessions per week for five weeks. Pretest-posttest comparisons showed that the training group significantly improved their performance as compared to the active controls, but this was limited to the trained task. In line with our hypothesis, P2-N2-P3 complex showed changes from pre- to posttest. In the training group this was observed as decreased load-effect while in the control group there was an opposite pattern at some latencies. Slow waves elicited during the maintenance were decreased in the easy task and increased in the difficult task. Taken together, our findings suggest that the early and late ERPs are differentially affected by training. When task demands are high, training may lead to an improved ability to actively maintain several stimuli in memory, and when they are low, training results in more efficient processing and automatization.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neurobiology of learning and memory
ISSN: 1095-9564
Pages: 107085

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A late-appearing component of the event-related potential. P300 stands for a positive deflection in the event-related voltage potential at 300 millisecond poststimulus. Its amplitude increases with unpredictable, unlikely, or highly significant stimuli and thereby constitutes an index of mental activity. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)

A neuropsychological test designed to assess different memory functions. It may incorporate an optional cognitive exam (Brief Cognitive Status Exam) that helps to assess memory related cognitive function.

Memory related to spatial information.

Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.

Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.

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