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Dimethoxycurcumin (DiMC), a synthetic analog of curcumin, was shown to have antiproliferative activity in human tumor cell lines. Therefore, we investigated its cytotoxic, antiproliferative, genotoxic, and apoptotic effect and correlated these evaluations with the expression of transcripts and proteins in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2/C3A). Treatment with DiMC resulted in increased CYP2E1, CYP2C19 and CYP1A2 transcripts levels and was cytotoxic (≥10 μM). DiMC caused mitotic arrest by inducing monopolar spindle formation and was genotoxic increasing expression of the CDKN1A, GADD45A and PARP1 gene, key effectors in the cell cycle arrest and DNA repair pathways, respectively. This genotoxicity was caused by generation of reactive oxygen species and reduction of antioxidant proteins levels. Furthermore, we observed a decrease in important proteins involved in DNA repair. In addition to the observed apoptotic morphology and the presence of annexin labeling, we observed increased expression of BAK1 and CASP7 genes and caspase 3/7 protein activity, showing that these effects caused apoptosis through the intrinsic pathway in HepG2/C3A cells. Our results indicate that DiMC modulates important molecular targets leading to cell death even in metabolic competent cells models has considerable potential in anticancer therapy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA
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The cell center, consisting of a pair of CENTRIOLES surrounded by a cloud of amorphous material called the pericentriolar region. During interphase, the centrosome nucleates microtubule outgrowth. The centrosome duplicates and, during mitosis, separates to form the two poles of the mitotic spindle (MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS).
An organelle consisting of three components: (1) the astral microtubules, which form around each centrosome and extend to the periphery; (2) the polar microtubules which extend from one spindle pole to the equator; and (3) the kinetochore microtubules, which connect the centromeres of the various chromosomes to either centrosome.
Large multiprotein complexes that bind the centromeres of the chromosomes to the microtubules of the mitotic spindle during metaphase in the cell cycle.
Agents which affect CELL DIVISION and the MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS resulting in the loss or gain of whole CHROMOSOMES, thereby inducing an ANEUPLOIDY.
The phase of cell nucleus division following PROMETAPHASE, in which the CHROMOSOMES line up across the equatorial plane of the MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS prior to separation.
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