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A class B scavenger receptor mediates antimicrobial peptide secretion and phagocytosis in Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis).

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A class B scavenger receptor mediates antimicrobial peptide secretion and phagocytosis in Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)."

Scavenger receptors (SRs) are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) vital for innate immunity. As well as their importance in immune recognition, microbe phagocytosis, and the clearance of modified endogenous molecules, they also activate downstream immune responses as co-receptors. In the current study, we identified a class B scavenger receptor in Eriocheir sinensis (EsSR-B2). The full-length gene is 2,517 bp and encodes a 517 amino acid polypeptide. EsSR-B2 is expressed widely in all tested tissues and is induced by microbial stimulation. Recombinant EsSR-B2 binds to bacteria and pathogen-associated molecular patterns in vitro. Upon knockdown of EsSR-B2 and bacterial challenge with Staphylococcus aureus or Vibrio parahaemolyticus, phagocytosis rates in hemocytes are decreased. Moreover, the expression of several antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in response to distinct microorganism stimulation is decreased following EsSR-B2 silencing. Thus, EsSR-B2 is a PRR that protects E. sinensis against invading pathogens by promoting phagocytosis and enhancing AMP expression.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental and comparative immunology
ISSN: 1879-0089
Pages: 103496

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