Systemic bleeding including pulmonary haemorrhage following hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale hypnale) envenoming: A case report from Sri Lanka.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Systemic bleeding including pulmonary haemorrhage following hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale hypnale) envenoming: A case report from Sri Lanka."

Out of seven venomous snake species of Sri Lanka, hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale spp.) causes the commonest venomous snakebites. It is widely distributed all over the country except in the peninsula of Jaffna and the genus has three species naming H. hypnale, H. zara and H. nepa. They frequently cause local envenoming and rarely cause coagulopathy and acute kidney injury. Systemic bleeding is the most trivial complication associated with coagulopathy caused by these snakes and pulmonary haemorrhages are one of them which are rarely reported. Antivenoms are currently not available for genus Hypnale bites in Sri Lanka. We describe a fatal case of pulmonary haemorrhage caused by a proven hump-nosed viper (Hypnale hypnale) bite associated with other systemic bleeding manifestations and thrombotic microangiopathy. This is the first known case of pulmonary and intracranial haemorrhages caused by hump-nosed viper bite.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
ISSN: 1879-3150


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