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Out of seven venomous snake species of Sri Lanka, hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale spp.) causes the commonest venomous snakebites. It is widely distributed all over the country except in the peninsula of Jaffna and the genus has three species naming H. hypnale, H. zara and H. nepa. They frequently cause local envenoming and rarely cause coagulopathy and acute kidney injury. Systemic bleeding is the most trivial complication associated with coagulopathy caused by these snakes and pulmonary haemorrhages are one of them which are rarely reported. Antivenoms are currently not available for genus Hypnale bites in Sri Lanka. We describe a fatal case of pulmonary haemorrhage caused by a proven hump-nosed viper (Hypnale hypnale) bite associated with other systemic bleeding manifestations and thrombotic microangiopathy. This is the first known case of pulmonary and intracranial haemorrhages caused by hump-nosed viper bite.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.
A condition associated with VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT and other congenital heart defects that allow the mixing of pulmonary and systemic circulation, increase blood flow into the lung, and subsequent responses to low oxygen in blood. This complex is characterized by progressive PULMONARY HYPERTENSION; HYPERTROPHY of the RIGHT VENTRICLE; CYANOSIS; and ERYTHROCYTOSIS.
A congenital anomaly caused by the failed development of TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS into separate AORTA and PULMONARY ARTERY. It is characterized by a single arterial trunk that forms the outlet for both HEART VENTRICLES and gives rise to the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary arteries. It is always accompanied by a ventricular septal defect.
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...