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Oocyte vitrification has extensively been applied in the field of embryo engineering and in the preservation of genetic resources of fine livestock. Following our previous work in oocyte vitrification and the level change of DNA methylation, here we further explored the dynamic change of three active demethylation proteins: Ten-Eleven-Translocation 1/2/3(TET1/2/3), 5-methylcytosine (5 mC) and 5-hydroxymethycytosine (5hmC) after vitrification and warming. In order to observe the active demethylation in vitrified oocytes, two small molecular regulators, i.e. Vitamin C (VC) and dimethyloxaloylglycine (DMOG) were used to adjust activity and level of the TET 3 protein. The results showed that the levels of 5 mC and 5hmC were significantly decreased after 2 h of vitrification (P < 0.01). Moreover, the level of TET3 protein was significantly increased after 2 h warming (P < 0.01). And the relative gene expression of TET2/3 did not change in the first 2 h, but significantly increased after 2 h (P < 0.01). When VC was added to vitrification and recovery medium, it could not significantly improve the level of TET3 gene expression, and affect 5 mC and 5hmC expression (P > 0.05). When the DMOG was added to the solutions of vitrification, the level of 5hmC showed significantly increase (P < 0.01). In conclusion, the oocyte vitrification procedure reduced DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation in MII oocytes, but adding VC and DMOG to vitrification medium can prevent the reduction of DNA hydroxymethylation by increasing activity of TET3 methylation protein after vitrification and warming.
This article was published in the following journal.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the mitochondrial membrane potential, pro-apoptotic gene expression, and ubiquitylation status of zona pellucida proteins (ZP1, ZP2, and ZP3) of vitr...
As an assisted reproduction technology, vitrification has been widely used for oocyte and embryo cryopreservation. Many studies have indicated that vitrification affects ultrastructure, gene expressio...
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The purpose of this trial is to investigate the relationship between DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation and the expression of DNMTs, TET family gen and coronary heart disease.
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Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
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