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Since the 1980s, deep and extensive skin wounds and burns are treated with autologous Split-Thickness Skin Grafts, or Cultured Epidermal Autografts (CEAs) when donor sites are limited. However, the clinical use of CEAs often remains unsatisfactory due to poor engraftment rates, altered wound healing and reduced skin functionality. In the past few decades, Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) have raised much attention due to their anti-inflammatory, pro-trophic and pro-remodeling capacities. More specifically, gingival MSCs have been shown to possess enhanced wound healing properties compared to other tissue sources. Growing pieces of evidence have also indicated that MSC priming could potentiate therapeutic effects in diverse in vitro and in vivo models of skin trauma. In the present study, we found that, IL-1β-primed gingival MSCs (IL-MSCs) promoted cell migration, dermal-epidermal junction formation and inflammation reduction in vitro, as well as improved epidermal substitute engraftment in vivo. IL-MSCs had different secretory profiles from naive gingival MSCs (NV-MSCs), characterized by an overexpression of TGF-β and MMP pathway agonists. Eventually, MMP-1, MMP-9 and TGF-β1 appeared to be critically involved in IL-MSC mechanisms of action.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of investigative dermatology
Mesenchymal stromal cells are multipotent adult stem cells with the capacity to differentiate into multiple cell types and have immunomodulatory properties that have been shown to have substantial the...
Cultured Epithelial Autografts (CEAs) represent a life-saving surgical technique for full-thickness skin burns covering more than 60% total body surface area. However, CEAs present numerous drawbacks ...
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), as a safe biophysiotherapy, can enhance bone-tendon (B-T) healing in vivo and induce osteogenic or chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells in...
Several adipokines have been proven to improve the therapeutic efficacy of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) when used to treat ischemic heart disease. Asprosin (ASP) is a newly-discovered adipokine. A...
The generation of humanized ectopic ossicles (hOss) in mice has been proposed as an advanced translational and fundamental model to study the human hematopoietic system. The approach relies on the pre...
Despite the advent of newer biologic therapies such as infliximab for Crohn's disease, a form of autoimmune inflammatory bowel disease, a proportion of patients are refractory to such ther...
This trial is being conducted as a step toward testing the long-term hypothesis that freshly cultured, autologous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) grown in platelet lysate-containing mediu...
The MANUS Trial aims to examine the safety, feasibility and potential efficacy of intramuscularly injected allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells as treatment for digital ulcers of systemic ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of intrathecal treatment delivered to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of mesenchymal stem cells in ALS patients every 3 mont...
It is a single centre, randomised controlled study of the effect of NOGA-guided direct intramyocardial injection of mesenchymal stromal cells on the development of new myocardium and blood...
Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.
Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.
All tumors in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT arising from mesenchymal cells (MESODERM) except those of smooth muscle cells (LEIOMYOMA) or Schwann cells (SCHWANNOMA).
Jelly-like connective tissue of the UMBILICAL CORD that contains MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELLS.
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry. BioPort...
Anything that breaks the skin is a wound because when the skin is broken, there's a risk of germs getting into the body and causing an infection. Follow and track Wound Care News on BioPortfolio: Wound Car...
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alternative medicine are whole medical systems that did not fit with conventional medicine as they have completely different philosophies and ideas on the causes of disease, methods of diagnosis and approaches to treatment. Although often overlapping, co...