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Role of astrocytic GABAergic system on inflammatory cytokine-induced anxiety-like behavior.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Role of astrocytic GABAergic system on inflammatory cytokine-induced anxiety-like behavior."

Recent studies have shown that not only neurons but astrocytes contain a considerable amount of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which can be released and activate the receptors responsive to GABA. The purpose of this study is to test whether gliotransmitters from astrocytes may play a role in etiology of anxiety symptoms. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), one of potent inflammatory cytokines, induced anxiety-like behaviors and activated the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus. Pretreatment with astrocytes toxin, L-α-aminoadipate (L-AAA) reduced anxiety-like behaviors and the GFAP expression in the PVN. Intraparaventricular nucleus (iPVN) infusion of IL-1β produced markedly anxiety-like behaviors and increased release of GABA from astrocytes. However, treatment of glial cell inhibitor, L-AAA or blocker of Bestrophin-1 (Best1), 5-Nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB) markedly inactivated astrocytes and also reduced the anxiety-like behaviors. Treatment of L-AAA or NPPB decreased IL-1β-induced gliotransmitter GABA release measured by in vivo microdialysis. These results suggest that selective inhibition of astrocytes or astocytic GABA release in the PVN may serve as an effective therapeutic strategy for treating anxiety and affective disorders.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuropharmacology
ISSN: 1873-7064
Pages: 107776

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