Topics

The role of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 on neurological disorders.

08:00 EDT 9th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The role of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 on neurological disorders."

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER) is a membrane-associated estrogen receptor (ER) associated with rapid estrogen-mediated effects. Over recent years GPER emerged has a potential therapeutic target to induce neuroprotection, avoiding the side effects elicited by the activation of classical ERs. The putative neuroprotection triggered by GPER selective activation was demonstrated in mood disorders, Alzheimer's disease or Parkinsońs disease of male and female in vivo rodent models. In others, like ischemic stroke, the results are contradictory and currently there is no consensus on the role played by this receptor. However, it seems clear that sex is a biological variable that may impact the results. The major objective of this review is to provide an overview about the physiological effects of GPER in the brain and its putative contribution in neurodegenerative disorders, discussing the data about the signaling pathways involved, as well as, the diverse effects observed.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Frontiers in neuroendocrinology
ISSN: 1095-6808
Pages: 100786

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [30530 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) stimulation ameliorates iron- and ovariectomy-induced memory impairments through the cAMP/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.

Iron accumulation in the brain has been associated with neurodegenerative disorders, and imaging studies in humans indicate that iron content in brain regions correlate with poor performance in cognit...

Role of estrogen and its receptors mediated-autophagy in cell fate and human diseases.

Studies have shown that morbidity of several diseases varies between males and females. This difference likely arises due to sex-related hormones. Estrogen, a primary female sex steroid hormone, plays...

The estrogen receptor coactivator AIB1 is a new putative prognostic biomarker in ER-positive/HER2-negative invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast.

According to the 2017 St Gallen surrogate definitions of the intrinsic subtypes, Ki67, progesterone receptor (PR) and Nottingham histological grade (NHG) are used for prognostic classification of estr...

ERα-targeted endocrine therapy, resistance and the role of GPER.

Endocrine therapy is an effective option for the treatment of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα)-positive breast cancers. Unfortunately, a large fraction of women relapse with endocrine-resistant tumors. ...

Is Estrogen the Answer for Osteosarcoma?

Bone biologists have long understood how estrogen drives osteoclasts to make new bone. While evidence hinted that a loss of estrogen signals might also play a role in bone-forming cancers like osteosa...

Clinical Trials [11958 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Expression of G-protein Coupled Receptor 120 (GPR120) Receptor in Adipose Tissue of German Diabetes Center (GDC) Cohort Subjects

G-protein coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) is a G-protein-coupled receptor whose endogenous ligands have been identified as long-chain fatty acids. Recently, it has been shown that GPR120 exp...

Tamoxifen Citrate in Treating Premenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer

This randomized clinical trial studies tamoxifen citrate in treating premenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer ...

GPR 119 Stimulated GLP-1 Secretion

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of different ligands of GPR 119 (a G protein-coupled receptor in the intestine) on the secretion of the incretin hormones, GLP-1 and GIP...

A Study of the Effect of Estrogen on Estrogen Receptor Biomarkers in Healthy Postmenopausal Women

This study will develop a model for the assessment of successful activation/engagement of estrogen receptor beta using salivary biomarkers.

Extension Study of Lapatinib Plus Herceptin With or Without Endocrine Therapy

Breast cancer cells have certain characteristics or traits--these traits are called biomarkers. There are three biomarkers that help doctors decide which treatment to give any given patien...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A ubiquitously expressed G-protein-coupled receptor kinase subtype that has specificity for the agonist-occupied form of BETA-ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and a variety of other G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS. Although it is highly homologous to G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTOR KINASE 2, it is not considered to play an essential role in regulating myocardial contractile response.

A family of serine-threonine kinases that are specific for G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS. They are regulatory proteins that play a role in G-protein-coupled receptor densensitization.

A G-protein-coupled receptor kinase subtype that is primarily expressed in the MYOCARDIUM and may play a role in the regulation of cardiac functions.

A ubiquitously expressed G-protein-coupled receptor kinase subtype that has specificity for the agonist-occupied form of BETA-ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It may play an essential role in regulating myocardial contractile response.

One of the ESTROGEN RECEPTORS that has marked affinity for ESTRADIOL. Its expression and function differs from, and in some ways opposes, ESTROGEN RECEPTOR BETA.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...


Searches Linking to this Article