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Purpose Children with (central) auditory processing disorder [(C)APD] exhibit many cognitive difficulties and receive negative psychosocial consequences from their disorder. Diagnosis of (C)APD relies on multidisciplinary assessment, including psychological testing. There is a strong need for valid and reliable questionnaires to identify children who are at risk of (C)APD. This work aims to establish the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Scale of Auditory Behaviors (SAB; Domitz & Schow, 2000; Krzeszewska & Kurkowski, 2015; Miranda, Bruera, & Serra 2016; Musiek & Chermak, 2007; Nunes et al., 2013) as a screening tool in children. Method The SAB was administered to parents of 326 children (152 girls and 174 boys) aged from 6 to 12 years ( = 8.24, = 1.56). The questionnaire consists of 12 items related to various symptoms of (C)APD and allows the frequency of particular behaviors to be assessed. In addition, the questionnaire Children's Home Inventory for Listening Difficulties was administered to parents, and 3 other psychoacoustic behavioral tests (Frequency Pattern Test, Duration Pattern Test, Dichotic Digit Test; Czajka et al., 2012) were conducted on the children to evaluate their auditory abilities. Results The Polish version of SAB demonstrated high internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .93), confirmed by interitem correlations. Intraclass correlation, which was used to determine reproducibility, was .95. There were also significant and positive relationships, ranging from = .17 to .68, between the SAB score and scores of other measures, indicating convergent validity of the tool. Girls demonstrated higher SAB scores than boys ( < .05); however, age was not statistically significant. A ceiling effect was detected, but no floor effect. Conclusions Results of psychometric and statistical analyses suggest the Polish version of SAB appears to be a valid and reliable questionnaire to evaluate symptoms of (C)APD in children, especially as a screening tool.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Language, speech, and hearing services in schools
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