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Intensity Resolution in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease: Sensory and Auditory Memory Limitations.

08:00 EDT 12th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Intensity Resolution in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease: Sensory and Auditory Memory Limitations."

Purpose The purpose of the current study was to examine sensory and auditory memory limitations on intensity resolution in individuals with Parkinson's disease as compared to healthy older and younger adults. Method Nineteen individuals with Parkinson's disease, 10 healthy age- and hearing-matched adults, and 10 healthy young adults were studied. The listeners participated in 2 intensity discrimination tasks: a lower memory load 4IAX task (sensory limitations) and a higher memory load ABX task (auditory memory limitations). Intensity resolution was examined across groups and tasks using a bias-free measurement of signal detectability known as ' (-prime). Listeners also participated in a loudness scaling task where they were instructed to rate the loudness level of each signal intensity along the experimental continuum using a computerized 150-mm visual analog scale. Results Intensity discrimination sensitivity (') was significantly poorer in the 4IAX and ABX conditions for the individuals with Parkinson's disease, as compared to the older and younger controls. Furthermore, a significant age-related difference was identified for the loudness scaling condition. The younger controls rated most stimuli along the experimental continuum significantly louder as compared to the older controls and the individuals with Parkinson's disease. Conclusions The present discrimination data suggest sensory and auditory memory limitations may contribute to the intensity resolution issues associated with Parkinson's disease. Age-related differences in loudness scaling will be reviewed.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
ISSN: 1558-9102
Pages: 1-18

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