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Among fifty strains of P. aeruginosa tested for the resistance to antibiotics, strain ryn32 was selected for this study based on its resistance level. It showed complete resistance towards aztreonam and almost complete resistance (96%) against kanamycin. Iron nanoparticles (FeNPs) were then prepared and found with diameters 30-50 nm. The threshold level of FeNPs for pyoverdines (PVDs) production by P. aeruginosa ryn32 was found at 25 μM concentration. PVDs production was optimal with pH 7.5, 35°C, succinate as carbon source, ammonium sulphate as nitrogen source at 60 hr fermentation time. Interestingly, when used the PVDs as conjugates with FeNPs they showed antibacterial action against the producing strain and some other gram-negative bacteria. This suggests that the conjugates enter the bacterial cell via the ferriPVDs uptake pathway, which triggers the accumulation of FeNPs inside the cell, which is crucial on bacterial viability. Growth stimulation with the same concentrations of FeNPs and PVDs in separate treatments supported this view. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biotechnology progress
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Iron (II,III) oxide (Fe3O4). It is a black ore of IRON that forms opaque crystals and exerts strong magnetism. The NANOPARTICLES; and MICROSPHERES of its mineral form, magnetite, have many biomedical applications.
Strains of the genus Enterococcus that are resistant to the antibiotic VANCOMYCIN. The enterococci become resistant by acquiring plasmids carrying genes for VANCOMYCIN RESISTANCE.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.